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How To Create An Absolute Reference In Excel For Mac

To create an absolute reference in Excel for Mac, you can use the dollar sign ($) to lock the column or row reference in a formula. Here's how to create an absolute reference:

  1. Open the Excel spreadsheet and select the cell where you want to enter the formula.

  2. Type the formula that you want to use, such as "=SUM(A1:A10)".

  3. To create an absolute reference for a column or row, add a dollar sign ($) before the column letter or row number in the cell reference that you want to lock. For example, to lock the column reference in cell A1, change the cell reference to "$A1". To lock the row reference in cell A1, change the cell reference to "A$1". To lock both the column and row reference in cell A1, change the cell reference to "$A$1".

  4. Press the "Enter" key to complete the formula. The absolute reference will remain fixed when you copy or drag the formula to other cells.

Note that you can also use the F4 key to add or remove the dollar signs in a cell reference. Place your cursor inside the cell reference that you want to modify, then press the F4 key to cycle through the different reference types.


By using absolute references, you can create formulas in Excel for Mac that always refer to a fixed cell or range, regardless of where the formula is copied or moved.

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